Energy conservation and environmental protection industry is an emerging industry born in response to the needs of the times, which permeates almost all fields of economic activities. It aims to effectively alleviate the resource and environmental bottleneck constraints faced by China's economic and social development, and vigorously promote the upgrading of industrial structure and the transformation of economic development mode. By 2020, the energy conservation and environmental protection industry will become the pillar industry of China's national economy and play an important role in leading economic and social development and reform.
At present, China is in the strategic transformation period of economic and social development and the key period of building a well-off society in an all-round way. With the accelerated development of industrialization and urbanization, China is facing increasingly urgent pressure from population, resources and environment. The limitations of the existing economic development mode and economic structure make the contradiction between resources and environment more and more prominent. Facing the huge pressure of resources and environment, the outline of the 12th Five year plan proposes to reduce energy consumption per unit of GDP by 16%. The content mainly involves the energy conservation and environmental protection industry of energy conservation, environmental protection and resource recycling. It is required to aim at improving energy efficiency and strengthening emission reduction, and provide industrial support to alleviate the bottleneck constraints of resources and environment in China.
Based on the above social and environmental significance and the industrial characteristics that permeate almost all economic activities, the energy conservation and environmental protection industry is opening up a new demand space. It undertakes the mission of energy conservation, green design and cleaner production for all industries, including organic agriculture, circular agriculture and other environment-friendly agricultural activities; Industrial technology and equipment committed to energy conservation, consumption reduction and resource recycling; Energy conservation and environmental protection services in design, planning, consulting, general integration, general contracting, maintenance, management, operation, carbon trading, green finance, etc. The promotion of policies is turning these potential energy conservation and environmental protection needs into a real huge market space, attracting the convergence of various capital and enterprises, and stimulating new employment demand. When the industry develops to a certain scale, it will achieve a win-win situation of social and economic benefits.
Steam engine, electric light, electronic computer, Internet... Every new technology is closely linked to the needs of the development of the times. The international financial crisis has once again made the world realize the urgency of developing emerging industries. In order to boost the economy and obtain new advantages in development, major developed countries have increased investment, accelerated the transformation of major scientific and technological achievements, and tried to seize the commanding height of a new round of scientific and technological economic competition. A new round of scientific and technological revolution is brewing.
It is estimated that in 2010, the total output value of China's energy conservation and environmental protection industry reached 2trillion yuan, with 28million employees. Among them, the output value of environmental protection equipment reached 200billion yuan, the operating income of environmental protection service industry reached 150billion yuan, the number of employees in environmental protection service industry exceeded 12000, and the output value of environmental protection industry increased by about 15%, significantly exceeding the industrial growth rate.
In the field of energy conservation, a number of major energy-saving technology and equipment such as dry coke quenching, pure low-temperature waste heat power generation, blast furnace gas power generation, furnace top differential pressure power generation, plasma ignition, frequency conversion and speed regulation have been popularized; Great breakthroughs have been made in the promotion of energy-efficient products, and the market share has increased significantly; The energy-saving service industry has developed rapidly. By the end of 2010, the output value of the energy-saving service industry using contract energy management has reached 83billion yuan.
In the field of resource recycling, the comprehensive utilization technology and equipment of bulk solid waste are widely used, and the remanufactured surface engineering technology and equipment have reached the international advanced level; Certain breakthroughs have been made in regenerative smelting technology of recycled aluminum, waste electrical and electronic products and packaging resources utilization technology and equipment; Inorganic modified waste recycling composites have been applied in high-speed railway.
In the field of environmental protection, China has the ability to design and build large-scale urban sewage treatment plants, waste incineration power plants and flue gas desulfurization facilities of large-scale thermal power plants, and the electric dust collection and bag type dust collection have reached the international advanced level; The degree of marketization of environmental protection services has been continuously improved. There are more than 30 professional desulfurization companies engaged in flue gas desulfurization of thermal power plants. More than 95% of flue gas desulfurization facilities and more than 70% of sewage treatment plants have adopted a market-oriented mode of construction and operation.
Policy driven and technology led have become prominent characteristics of China's energy conservation and environmental protection industry. The energy conservation and environmental protection industry is deeply integrated with electronic information technology, new material technology, bioengineering technology, and high-end equipment manufacturing industry. Integrated applications serve traditional industries, which are fast in upgrading and highly professional. They promote the continuous improvement of energy conservation and environmental protection standards, thus promoting the stricter policies, and policy changes further promote the emergence of new technologies and solutions. Policy and technology promote each other, forming a special development mode of energy conservation and environmental protection industry